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B Vitamins - explained

28-01-2014 14:42:42
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Vitamin BWhen people refer to B Vitamins they are essentially referring to water-soluble vitamins (excluding Vitamin C). These include:

  • Thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • riboflavin (vitamin B2)
  • niacin (vitamin B3)
  • pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5)
  • pyridoxoine (vitamin B6)
  • biotin, folic acid and cobalmins (vitamin B12)

At one time it was thought that there was a single Vitamin B but researchers later found that there are many that work independently.  The importance of adequate B Vitamins in the diet cannot be over-emphasised. As water soluble vitamins cannot be stored by the body and any excesses are simply flushed away.

Vitamin B1 (thiamine) contributes to

  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • normal psychological functions
  • normal heart functions

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) contributes to:

  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • maintenance of normal mucous membranes
  • normal red blood cells
  • normal skin and vision
  • normal metabolism of iron
  • protection of cells from oxidative stress
  • reduction of tiredness and fatigue

Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) contributes to:

  • normal synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones, some neurotransmitters, and vitamin D
  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal mental performance
  • reduction of tiredness and fatigue

Vitamin B6 contributes to

  • normal cysteine synthesis
  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • normal homo-cysteine metabolism
  • normal protein and glycogen metabolism
  • normal psychological function
  • normal red blood cell formation
  • normal function of the immune system
  • reduction of tiredness and fatigue
  • regulation of the hormonal system

Biotin contributes to:

  • normal energy-yielding metabolism
  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • normal macro-nutrient metabolism
  • maintenance of normal hair, mucous membranes and normal skin

Vitamin B12 contributes to:

  • normal functioning of the nervous system
  • normal homo-cysteine metabolism
  • normal psychological function
  • normal red blood cell production
  • normal immune system function
  • reduction of tiredness and fatigue
  • process of cell division
Tags : B Vitamins,

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